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CBD, Terpenes and Flavonoids

CBD, terpenes and flavonoids are all part of the hemp plant. However, there are a number of important differences between the two. This article will explore the anatomy, history and value of the hemp plant to unveil not only what distinguishes the various elements of hemp but also what makes it such a diverse commodity.

What is hemp?

Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, comes from the Sativa L plant. Hemp is grown in temperate zones from seed and can reach a height of up to 16 feet in height when it is fully grown. The aromatic plant is cultivated for its fibre, seeds, and leaves. The fibre is obtained through a series of processes.

The plant is retted, dried and crushed to obtain the fibres. The fibre has similar properties to flax but is longer and less flexible. Hemp fibre has a variety of uses. It is used for cordage, sacking, making clothing, paper and even the production of bioplastics. These bioplastics are more often than not recyclable and biodegradable. When hemp is farmed and harvested correctly, the fibre can be even stronger than steel making it an extremely viable part of the hemp plant with endless potential functions.

 Hemp seeds are primarily used in dietary products. The seeds can be eaten raw, ground powders or even churned into milk. Hemps seeds are also commonly used in bird feed.

Hemp seeds are made up of thirty percent oil and so are often pressed and made into hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is just as versatile as the other parts of the plant and can also be used as a foodstuff like a dressing on salads but is more commonly utilised for body products. Hemp seed oil boasts a range of benefits that care for the skin.

The hemp hurd is the soft inner centre of the stem. Hemp hurd is similar to wood chips and its thermal properties make it an effective alternative to animal bedding. The unrefined chunks of hemp hurd work perfectly for this or can be used in an array of products, such as cement (hempcrete), insulative products and paper. It can also be ground and used in the forms of biodegradable plastics. Eco friendly and affordable, hemp hurd is up and coming as a replacement material for many different industrial and everyday items.

Hemp leaves are flowing with natural healing compounds. Hemp leaves also boast a multitude of nutritional benefits. Hemp leaves are a superfood. Raw hemp leaves contain healing antioxidants like polyphenols which repairs skin damage and protects against ageing. As well as this, the leaves are rich in omega 3 and fatty acids. Hemp essential oils are also made from steaming and pressing hemp leaves. The therapeutic properties of aromatic oil mean it is in high demand.


What is CBD?


CBD is one of over one hundred chemical compounds found in the hemp plant. CBD is a naturally occurring substance. It is often used in products like oils and edibles to evoke a relaxing sensation or as a health remedy. CBD is often confused with its sister strain- delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, the main separator between THC and CBD is that THC is psychoactive and CBD is not. This makes CBD appealing to people who are interested in pain relief and anti-anxiety treatment but don't want the brain-altering effects of psychoactive ingredients like THC. CBD even has the potential to neutralise the psychoactive impacts of THC, depending on the amount consumed.

 CBD is often referred to as the ‘multipurpose molecule’ and for good reason. People are looking to nature for health remedies and veering away from lab-produced chemicals with negative side effects. CBD finds itself perfectly positioned at the centre of this revolution.

 The multi-purpose plant can be used as an anti-anxiety, antidepressant, pain relief and anti-inflammatory medicine.CBD is also under major scientific scrutiny and much of the evidence that supports the supposed health benefits of CBD is anecdotal. However, while CBD continues to grow in popularity, so does the scientific research behind it. Many studies suggest the boundless potential of CBD as a health product, with research showing the potential to treat a range of diseases from epilepsy and auto-immune diseases to metabolic syndrome. CBD interacts with our bodies in many different ways. We have what is called, endogenous cannabinoids which occur naturally in our body. These are part of a system in the human body referred to as the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system plays an integral role in managing a wide range of physiological operations that impact our mood, our energy levels, our immune activity, blood pressure digestive system, bone density and much more. By modulating and regulating the endocannabinoid system, CBD can help aid against disease progression. Ultimately, CBD is a catalyst for homeostasis- a biological balance of your body's natural rhythms,

CBD is often ground and pressed into CBD oil. CBD oil is growing in popularity and marketed as pharmaceutical CBD. CBD oil and flower are used in vaping and smoking for their therapeutic benefits. One of the many wonderful aspects of CBD is that its properties are malleable- meaning it can be transferred into many different product forms. For example,

CBD tea and coffee, soaps, bath bombs, edibles, capsules and many...many more.

Amongst the vast benefits, CBD offers, CBD terpenes are at the forefront of what makes this compound so special.


What are Terpenes in CBD?

Terpenes are constantly around us, yet most of us don’t know what they actually are. If you’ve ever smelt the enticing aroma of flowers or the earthy scent of tree bark- then you have experienced the effect of terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic compounds in plants that can both attract and repel pollination. Terpenes also have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. CBD terpenes in particular are used for aromatherapy and skin hydration. There

are six main terpenes found in and associated with CBD.

Limonene- Limonene is a terpene that is mainly found in citrus fruits. Limonene also helps increase the overall absorption level of other terpenes, including those in CBD.

Myrcene- Myrcene most common terpene found in the hemp plant. Mycrene’s properties mean it can be used as an anti-oxidant, a sedative and anti-inflammatory making it one of the most valuable terpenes in CBD.

Pinene- With its name deriving from its presence in pine, Pinene is a natural painkiller and anti-inflammatory.

Linalool- Linalool is often found in aromatic flowering plants like lavender and chamomile. Linalool is known for its calming effect.

Humulene- Humulene is found in hops and ginger and is known for its harsh and robust aroma. Humulene has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and appetite suppressing qualities- meaning it is often used as a meal replacement.

Caryophyllene- Carophyllenes combine CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Caryophyllene also provides a warmer and spicier quality to CBD’s flavour profile.

Terpenes are extremely important to how people experience the effects of CBD. The way in which terpenes interact with the compound can enhance many of CBD’s benefits.

The combination of terpenes like linalool and myrcene combines with the active ingredients in CBD have a calming and sleep-inducing effect on the body. On the other end of the CBD spectrum, when the chemical interacts with the limonene terpene, it can result in a boost of energy and stronger brain performance. Effectively terpenes allow users to unlock the full potential of CBD and reap the benefits. The positive wellness effects of these terpenes make CBD terpenes a highly demanded and viable health alternative. If you would like to learn more about terpenes and flavonoids and the difference between the two, click here.

What are Hemp Flavanoids?

Much like terpenes, flavonoids play a major role in how our senses perceive CBD. Flavanoids dictate the flavour profile of hemp and CBD products, Flavanoids and terpenes have a synergistic relationship to create the flavour and aroma of CBD and hemp.

Flavonoids are known for their pharmacological qualities. The flavonoid quercetin, present in CBD as well as many fruits and vegetables is known for its anti-fungal and antioxidant properties. Catechins, another flavonoid is credited for having cardiovascular health benefits and antioxidant properties.

In hemp, Cannaflavin A, Cannaflavin B and C are being studied for their potential medical benefits. They are said to have anti-inflammatory properties. Other highly active flavonoids found in hemp include Orientin, Silymarin, and Kaempferol, all with anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, antioxidant, and anti-cancer potential­. The potential power of flavonoids seems boundless, as more and more research uncovers their wide-ranging benefits.

Flavonoids are also responsible for the pigmentation of the hemp plant, just as flavonoids do with all types of flowers. Terpenes and flavonoids create a symbiotic relationship that is referred to as the entourage effect. This effect describes the interaction between these elements to unleash the full spectrum capabilities of CBD and moreover, the hemp plant in general. While we have all of this information on flavonoids, their potential is wildly under-researched and unknown within the western world. It is thrilling to consider what may be unveiled about flavonoids, terpenes, CBD and hemp in the future and we can’t wait to see what else the world’s most versatile plant has to offer.


Hemp is a multi-faceted and complex plant that presents a lot of possibilities.   We hope that these articles debunked some of the falsehoods about hemp and CBD and demonstrated how valuable this plant, laced with hundreds of years of history and cultivation by ancient societies is to the modern world. Hemp, to us, represents change, a pivot in society that is moving away from what we know and rather, aims for what we can be.

The potential of hemp is limitless and can be transformative if it is harnessed correctly. From hemp's naturally occurring fibres and hurd that have many practical functions, it goes without saying that hemp is the future... From its seed to the plant’s flower, every part of the hemp plants offers something unique.

If you want to be at the forefront of the hemp revolution and be the future that is most definitely coming, Celtic Wind products are the perfect way to start. With highly researched and tested hemp and CBD products, we offer a door to a new world of benefits, sustainability opportunities and groundbreaking research. We hope you will come on this journey with us, Celtic Wind.

To shop our range of reliable, Irish whole-hemp products, click here.

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